According to the Bible, was the Phoenician King of Tyre. He reigned from 980 BC to 947 BC, succeeding his father, Abibaal. Hiram was succeeded as king of Tyre by his son Baal-Eser I.

Known also as "Huram" or "Horam," Hiram was the king of Tyre in the time of King David and King Solomon. While he was politically allied with David, Hiram's workmen helped David's people to build David's palace in Jerusalem, and then after Solomon succeeded his father David as King of The Israelites, Hiram's workers also participated in the building of the first Temple. Much of the fine cedar for both the palace and Temple came from Tyre Lebanon.

Tyre is an ancient Phoenician seaport city. It was located on the Mediterranean coast in the area that is today southern Lebanon, Its modern name is Sur / Soor, which in the time of King Solomon was celebrated as the residence of King Hiram, to whom that monarch and his father David were indebted for great assistance in the construction of the Temple at Jerusalem. Tyre was distant from Jerusalem about one hundred and twenty miles by sea, and was thirty miles nearer by land. An intercourse between the two cities and their respective monarchs was, therefore, easily cultivated. The inhabitants of Tyre were distinguished for their skill as artificers, especially as workers in brass and other metals; and it is said to have been a principal seat of that skillful body of architects known as the Dionysian Fraternity.

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The Triumphal Arch In Tyre was originally founded on an island and the adjacent mainland, probably as a colony of Sidon (modern name, Sayda). Sidon was the oldest Phoenician city, but Tyre would eventually exceed Sidon in fame and prosperity.

According to one ancient account, "Tyrian merchants were the first who ventured to navigate the Mediterranean waters; and they founded their colonies on the coasts and neighboring islands of the Aegean Sea, in Greece, on the northern coast of Africa, at Carthage and other places, in Sicily and Corsica, in Spain at Tartessus, and even beyond the pillars of Hercules at Gadeira." Tyre became a grand city, as evidenced today by the remains of its Arch of Triumph.

In the time of King David, the Israelites and Tyrians were on friendly terms. King Hiram of Tyre sent cedar lumber, carpenters, and stonemasons to help David build his palace in Jerusalem Palestine (2 Samuel 5:11). Later, when Solomon succeeded his father David as king, King Hiram continued his alliance with Palestine. All of the cedar and pine for the original Temple in Jerusalem came from Tyre (1 Kings 5:1-10).

Tyre consisted of two sections, a fortress on the mainland, and the main city which was constructed on a small island about 1,000 yards/meters from the shore. This arrangement provided it with good defensive capability - it withstood a siege by King Shalmaneser of Assyria for 5 years during the time of the fall of the northern kingdom of Palestine in 721 B.C., and another by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon for 13 years at the time the fall of the southern kingdom of Judah in 586 B.C. It eventually did fall to Greek warlord Alexander the Great who built a causeway out to the island in 332 B.C.

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Also Read about Hiram:

1 Kings 5:1-12
New International Version (NIV)
Preparations for Building the Temple

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